THE EMOTIONAL, MENTAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTEXTS OF INSTITUTIONALIZED CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO PRIVATE ORPHANAGES IN CALICUT CORPORATION
The present study is an attempt to analyse the effect institutionalization has on orphaned children. An orphaned child goes through hardships at every stage of life. Orphans are one of the most vulnerable groups in society, and their positive growth and well-being has always been an area of concern. The emotional problems faced by children in orphanages, and their mental and psychological wellbeing, are the areas of focus here. The aspects covered under psychological wellbeing comprise areas such as autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations with others, purpose in life, and self-acceptance. The focus areas under mental well-being are optimism about the future, an ability to deal with problems, having a sense of worth and usefulness, and feeling relaxed and energetic. The field of study was private orphanages falling under the Calicut Corporation (Kozhikode district, Kerala). A total of 80 respondents was taken as the sample of the study. Respondents in the age group 13-18 (male and female) from five orphanages were selected for the study, and data collected through a self-structured questionnaire and Wellbeing Scales. The data was analyzed using the SPSS software and presented in the study in the form of figures and tables.